Publications

(please contact us if you have problems to download a paper, we can send you the pdf file)


2020

Control of long-distance motion of single molecules on a surface
D. Civita, M. Kolmer, G. J. Simpson, A.-P. Li, S. Hecht, and L. Grill
Science 370, 957-960 (2020) (link)

Adsorption and motion of single molecular motors on TiO2(110)
P. Jacobson, D. Prezzi, D. Liu, M. Schied, J. M. Tour, S. Corni, A. Calzolari, E. Molinari, and L. Grill
Journal of Physical Chemistry C 124, 24776-24785 (2020) (link)

Covalent on-surface polymerization
L. Grill and S. Hecht
Nature Chemistry 12, 115-130 (2020) (pdf)

2019

How to control single-molecule rotation
G. J. Simpson, V. García-López, A. D. Boese, J. M. Tour, and L. Grill
Nature Communications 10, 4631 (2019) (pdf)

Porphine homocoupling on Au(111)
K. Seufert, F. McBride, S. Jaekel, W. Bareld, S. Haq, A. Steiner, P. Poli, M. Persson, R. Raval, and L. Grill
Journal of Physical Chemistry C 123, 16690-16698 (2019) (pdf)

2018

Reversible photoswitching and isomer-dependent diffusion of single azobenzene tetramers on a metal surface
C. Nacci, M. Baroncini, A. Credi, and L. Grill
Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed. 57, 15034-15039 (2018) (pdf)

Steering a cycloaddition reaction via the surface structure
M. Koch, M. Gille, S. Hecht, and L. Grill
Surface Science 678, 194 (2018) (pdf)

How structural defects affect the mechanical and electrical properties of single molecular wires
M. Koch, Z. Li, C. Nacci, T. Kumagai, I. Franco, and L. Grill
Physical Review Letters 121, 047701 (2018) (pdf)

Anharmonicity in a double hydrogen transfer reaction studied in a single porphycene molecule on a Cu(110) surface
S. Liu, D. Baugh, K. Motobayashi, X. Zhao, S. Levchenko, S. Gawinkowski, J. Waluk, L. Grill, M. Persson, and T. Kumagai
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 20, 12112 (2018) (pdf)

Reversible and efficient light-induced molecular switching on an insulator surface
S. Jaekel, A. Richter, R. Lindner, R. Bechstein, C. Nacci, S. Hecht, A. Kühnle, and L. Grill
ACS Nano 12, 1821 (2018) (pdf)

Quantum tunneling in real space: Tautomerization of single porphycene molecules on the (111) surface of Cu, Ag, and Au
T. Kumagai, J. N. Ladenthin, Y. Litman, M. Rossi, L. Grill, S. Gawinkowski, J. Waluk, and M. Persson
Journal of Chemical Physics 148, 102330 (2018) (pdf)

2017

How to build and race a fast nanocar
G. J. Simpson, V. Garcia-Lopez, P. Petermeier, L. Grill, and J. M. Tour
Nature Nanotechnology 12, 604-606 (2017) (pdf)

On-surface polymerization: From polyarylenes to graphene nanoribbons and two-dimensional networks
M. Koch, S. Hecht, and L. Grill
Book chapter in “Advances in Polymer Sciences” (Springer, editors: X. Feng and K. Müllen)
Adv. Polym. Sci. 278, 99-126 (2017) (pdf)

Spectroscopic and microscopic investigations of tautomerization in porphycenes: condensed phases, supersonic jets, and single molecule studies
P. Fita, L. Grill, A. Listkowski, H. Piwonski, S. Gawinkowski, M. Pszona, J. Sepioł, E. Mengesha, T. Kumagai and J. Waluk
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19, 4921 (2017) (pdf)

2016

Light-induced translation of motorized molecules on a surface
A. Saywell, A. Bakker, J. Mielke, T. Kumagai, M. Wolf, V. García-López, P.-T. Chiang, J. M. Tour, and L. Grill
ACS Nano 10, 10945 (2016) (pdf)

Covalent assembly and characterization of non-symmetrical single-molecule nodes
C. Nacci, A. Viertel, S. Hecht, and L. Grill
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 55, 13724 –13728 (2016) (pdf)

Observing single-atom diffusion at a molecule-metal interface
J. Mielke, J. Martínez-Blanco, M. Peters, S. Hecht and L. Grill
Physical Review B 94, 035416 (2016) (pdf)

Direct observation and control of single-molecule tautomerization by low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy
T. Kumagai und L. Grill
Book chapter in “Tautomerism: Concepts and Applications in Science and Technology” (edited by L. Antonov), p. 147-174, Wiley-VCH (2016)

Moleküle aneinanderreihen: Die Suche nach molekularen Drähten
M. Koch, C. Nacci and L. Grill
Nachrichten aus der Chemie 64 (2), 117-121 (2016) (pdf)

The emergence of covalent on-surface polymerization
C. Nacci, S. Hecht, and L. Grill
Book chapter in “On-surface synthesis” (edited by A. Gourdon), p.1-21, Springer (2016) (pdf)

Direct observation of photo-induced tautomerization in single molecules at a metal surface
H. Böckmann, S. Liu, J. Mielke, S. Gawinkowski, J. Waluk, L. Grill, M. Wolf, and T. Kumagai
Nano Letters 16, 1034-1041 (2016) (pdf)

Toward printing molecular nanostructures from microstructured samples in ultrahigh vacuum
C. Nacci, A. Saywell, C. Troadec and J. Deng, M. G. Willinger, C. Joachim, L. Grill
J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 34, 011801, (2016) (pdf)

2015

Conductance of a single flexible molecular wire composed of alternating donor and acceptor units
Nacci, F. Ample, D. Bleger, S. Hecht, C. Joachim, and L. Grill
Nature Communications 6, 7397 (2015) (pdf)

Hot carrier-induced tautomerization within a single porphycene molecule on Cu(111)
J. Ladenthin, L. Grill, S. Gawinkowski, S. Liu, J. Waluk and T. Kumagai
ACS Nano 9, 7287 (2015) (pdf)

Surface-assisted reactions toward formation of graphene nanoribbons on Au(110) surface
L. Massimi, O. Ourdjini, L. Lafferentz, M. Koch, L. Grill, E. Cavaliere, L. Gavioli, C. Cardoso, D. Prezzi, E. Molinari, A. Ferretti, C. Mariani, M. G. Betti
Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119, 2427-2437 (2015) (pdf)

Adatoms underneath single porphyrin molecules on Au(111)
J. Mielke, F. Hanke, M. Peters, S. Hecht, M. Persson, L. Grill
Journal of the American Chemical Society 137, 1844-1849 (2015) (pdf)

2014

Local characterization of ultrathin ZnO layers on Ag(111) by scanning tunneling microscopy and atomic force microscopy
A. Shiotari, B.-H. Liu, S. Jaekel, L. Grill, S. Shaikhutdinov, H.-J. Freund, M. Wolf, T. Kumagai
J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 27428 (2014) (pdf)

Substrate-controlled linking of molecular building blocks: Au(111) vs. Cu(111)
M. Koch, M. Gille, A. Viertel, S. Hecht and L. Grill
Surface Science 627, 70 (2014) (pdf)

Quantifying the atomic-level mechanics of single long physisorbed molecular chains
S. Kawai, M. Koch, E. Gnecco, A. Sadeghi, R. Pawlak, T. Glatzel, J. Schwarz, S. Goedecker, S. Hecht, A. Baratoff, L. Grill, and E. Meyer
PNAS 111, 3968 (2014) (pdf)

Controlling intramolecular hydrogen transfer in a porphycene molecule with single atoms or molecules located nearby
T. Kumagai, F. Hanke, S. Gawinkowski, J. Sharp, K. Kotsis, J. Waluk, M. Persson and L. Grill
Nature Chemistry 6,41 (2014) (pdf)

Manipulating the conformation of single organometallic chains on Au(111)
A. Saywell, W. Gren, G. Franc, A. Gourdon, X. Bouju, and L. Grill
Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118, 1719-1728 (2014) (pdf)

2013

The electronic structure and properties of graphene nanoribbons: Zigzag and armchair edges
M. Koch, F. Ample, C. Joachim, and L. Grill
Book chapter in “Imaging and Manipulation Molecular Orbitals”,  p. 81-90, Springer (2013)

Imaging and manipulation of single molecules by scanning tunneling microscopy
L. Grill
Book chapter in “Engineering of Chemical Complexity”, p. 27-49, World Scientific publishers (2013)

Thermally- and vibrationally induced tautomerization of single porphycene molecules on a Cu(110) surface
T. Kumagai, F. Hanke, S. Gawinkowski, J. Sharp, K. Kotsis, J. Waluk, M. Persson, and L. Grill
Physical Review Letters 111, 246101 (2013) (pdf)

Coverage- and temperature-controlled isomerization of an imine derivative on Au(111)
C. Gahl, D. Brete, F. Leyssner, M. Koch, E. R. McNellis, J. Mielke, R. Carley, L. Grill, K. Reuter, P. Tegeder, and M. Weinelt
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 4273 (2013) (pdf)

2012

Voltage-dependent conductance of a single graphene nanoribbon
M. Koch, F. Ample, C. Joachim, and L. Grill
Nature Nanotechnology 7, 713 (2012) (pdf)

Molecules with multiple switching units on a Au(111) surface: self-organization and single-molecule manipulation
J. Mielke, S. Selvanathan, M. V. Peters, J. Schwarz, S. Hecht, and L. Grill
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 24, 394013 (2012) (pdf)

Island formation and manipulation of prochiral azobenzene derivatives on Au(111)
S. Selvanathan, M. V. Peters, S. Hecht, and L. Grill
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 24, 354013 (2012) (pdf)

Polymerization on stepped surfaces: Alignment of polymers and identification of catalytic sites
A. Saywell, J. Schwarz, S. Hecht, and L. Grill
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51, 5096 (2012) (pdf)

Bottom-up zu molekularen Nanostrukturen (in german)
M. Gille, L. Grill, and S. Hecht
Nachrichten aus der Chemie 60, 986 (2012) (pdf)

Controlling on-surface polymerization by hierarchical and substrate-directed growth
L. Lafferentz, V. Eberhardt, C. Dri, C. Africh, G. Comelli, F. Esch, S. Hecht, and L. Grill
Nature Chemistry 4, 215 (2012) (pdf)

Toward a light-driven motorized nanocar: Synthesis and initial imaging of single molecules
P.-T. Chiang, J. Mielke, J. Godoy, J. M. Guerrero, L. B. Alemany, C. J. Villagómez, A. Saywell, L. Grill and J. M. Tour
ACS Nano 6, 592 (2012) (pdf)

2011

Imine derivatives on Au(111): Evidence for “inverted” thermal isomerization
J. Mielke, F. Leyssner, M. Koch, S. Meyer, Y. Luo, S. Selvanathan, R. Haag, P. Tegeder, and L. Grill
ACS Nano 5, 2090 (2011) (pdf)

2010

Bottom-up assembly of molecular wagons on a surface
J. Villagomez, T. Sasaki, J. M. Tour, and L. Grill
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 16848 (2010) (pdf)

Mechanical behavior of nanocrystalline NaCl islands on Cu(111)
Ch. Bombis, F. Ample, J. Mielke, M. Mannsberger, C. J. Villagomez, Ch. Roth, C. Joachim, and L. Grill
Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 185502 (2010) (pdf)

Large molecules on surfaces: deposition and intramolecular STM manipulation by directional forces
L. Grill
J. Phys.: Cond. Matt. 22, 084023 (2010) (pdf)
(review)

2009

Single molecular wires connecting metallic and insulating surface areas
C. Bombis, F. Ample, L. Lafferentz, H. Yu, S. Hecht, C. Joachim, and L. Grill
Ang. Chem. Int. Ed. 48, 9966 (2009) (pdf)

Also available in german: Einzelne molekulare Drähte verbinden metallische und isolierende Oberflächenbereiche
C. Bombis, F. Ample, L. Lafferentz, H. Yu, S. Hecht, C. Joachim, und L. Grill, Ang. Chem. 121, 10151 (2009) (pdf)

Strommessung an einzelnen molekularen Drähten (in german)
L. Lafferentz and L. Grill
Physik in unserer Zeit 40, 172 (2009) (pdf)

Architektur auf kleinstem Raum: Bauen auf der atomaren Skala (in german)
L. Grill und S. Hecht
Wissenschaftsmagazin “Fundiert”, Vol. 1-2009, 48-55 (2009) (pdf)

Conductance of a single conjugated polymer as a continuous function of its length
L. Lafferentz, F. Ample, H. Yu, S. Hecht, C. Joachim, and L. Grill
Science 323, 1193 (2009) (pdf)

2008

Spatial periodicity in molecular switching
C. Dri, M. V. Peters, J. Schwarz, S. Hecht, and L. Grill
Nature Nanotechnology 3, 649 (2008) (pdf)

Formation and manipulation of discrete supramolecular azobenzene assemblies
S. Selvanathan, M. V. Peters, J. Schwarz, S. Hecht, and L. Grill
Applied Physics A 93, 247 (2008) (pdf)

Functionalized molecules studied by STM: motion, switching and reactivity
L. Grill
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 20, 053001 (2008)
(topical review)

Adsorption and switching properties of azobenzene derivatives on different noble metal surfaces: Au(111), Cu(111), and Au(100)
M. Alemani, S. Selvanathan, F. Ample, M. V. Peters, K.-H. Rieder, F. Moresco, C. Joachim, S. Hecht, and L. Grill
Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112, 10509-10514 (2008) (pdf)

Stabile und funktionale Nanostrukturen aus Molekülen: Synergieeffekte durch Kombination von Synthesechemie und Oberflächenphysik (in german)
S. Hecht* und L. Grill
Nanoworld 2, 18 (2008)

2007

Rolling a single molecular wheel at the atomic scale
L. Grill, K.-H. Rieder, F. Moresco, G. Rapenne, S. Stojkovic, X. Bouju and C. Joachim
Nature Nanotechnology 2, 95-98 (2007) (pdf)

The molecular orientation of para-sexiphenyl on Cu(110) and Cu(110) p(2×1)O
M. Oehzelt, L. Grill, S. Berkebile, G. Koller, F. P. Netzer, and M. G. Ramsey
ChemPhysChem 8, 1707-1712 (2007) (pdf)

Nano-architectures by covalent assembly of molecular building blocks
L. Grill, M. Dyer, L. Lafferentz, M. Persson, M. V. Peters, and S. Hecht
Nature Nanotechnology 2, 687-691 (2007) (pdf)

Study and manipulation of single functionalized molecules by low temperature STM
L. Grill, M. Alemani, K.-H. Rieder, F. Moresco, G. Rapenne, C. Joachim, M. V. Peters, and S. Hecht
J. Scann. Probe Microsc. 2, 19-23 (2007) (pdf)

2006

Electric field-induced isomerization of azobenzene by STM
M. Alemani, F. Moresco, M. V. Peters, S. Hecht, K.-H. Rieder, and L. Grill
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 14446 (2006) (pdf)

Exploring the interatomic forces between tip and single molecules during STM manipulation
L. Grill, K.-H. Rieder, F. Moresco, S. Stojkovic, A. Gourdon, and C. Joachim
Nano Letters 6, 2685-2689 (2006) (pdf)

Launching and landing single molecular wheelbarrows on a Cu(100) surface
G. Rapenne, L. Grill, T. Zambelli, S. M. Stojkovic, F. Ample, F. Moresco and C. Joachim
Chemical Physics Letters 431, 219-222 (2006) (pdf)

Contacting single molecules to metallic electrodes by STM manipulation: Model systems for molecular electronics
L. Grill and F. Moresco
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 18, S1887-S1908 (2006) (pdf)
Special issue: Molecular nanomachines (review)

Preparation of self-ordered molecular layers by pulse injection
L. Grill, I. Stass, K.-H. Rieder, and F. Moresco
Surface Science Letters 600, L143 (2006) (pdf)

2005

Imaging of a molecular wheelbarrow by scanning tunneling microscopy
L. Grill, K.-H. Rieder, F. Moresco, G. Jimenez-Bueno, C. Wang, G. Rapenne, and C. Joachim
Surface Science Letters 584, L153 (2005) (pdf)

The contact conductance on a molecular wire
S. Stojkovic, C. Joachim, L. Grill, and F. Moresco
Chemical Physics Letters 408, 134 (2005) (pdf)

Force induced and electron stimulated STM manipulations: Routes to artificial nanostructures as well as to molecular contacts, engines and switches
K.-H. Rieder, G. Meyer, F. Moresco, K. Morgenstern, S.-W. Hla, J. Repp, M. Alemani, L. Grill, L. Gross, M. Mehlhorn, H. Gawronski, V. Simic-Milosevic, J. Henzl, K. F. Braun, S. Foelsch, L. Bartels
Journal of Physics: Conference Series 19, 175-181 (2005)

Distance dependence of the electronic contact of a molecular wire
L. Grill, F. Moresco, P. Jiang, S. Stojkovic, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim, and K.-H. Rieder
AIP Conference Proceedings 786, 490-494 (2005)

Contacting a single molecular wire by STM manipulation
F. Moresco, L. Gross, L. Grill, M. Alemani, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim, and K.-H. Rieder
Applied Physics A 80, 913-920 (2005)

2004

Controlled manipulation of a single molecular wire along a copper atomic nanostructure
L. Grill, F. Moresco, P. Jiang, C. Joachim, A. Gourdon, and K.H. Rieder
Physical Review B 69, 035416 (2004) (pdf)
(published also in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology, Vol.9, Issue 5 (2004))

Layer-by-layer growth of lead on Ge(111) at low temperatures
L. Grill, D. Cvetko, L. Petaccia, F. Ratto, and S. Modesti
Surface Science 562, 7-14 (2004)

2003

Image-potential resonances studied by selective electron scattering in thin Pb(111) films and clusters on Ge(111)
L. Grill and H. Feichtinger
Surface Science 537, 84-94 (2003)

Sn/Ge(111) α-phase: Characterization of image resonances by specular electron reflection and selective electron scattering
L. Grill and L. Petaccia
Surface Science 530, 161-169 (2003)

2001

Order-disorder character of the (3×3) to (√3x√3)R30° phase transition of Sn on Ge(111)
L. Petaccia, L. Floreano, A. Goldoni, D. Cvetko, A. Morgante, L. Grill, A. Verdini, G. Comelli, G. Paolucci and S. Modesti
Physical Review B 64, 193410 1-4 (2001)

Temperature dependence of the photoemission spectra of Si(110) between 300K and 1630K
L. Grill, A. Santoni, S. Prato, L. Petaccia, and S. Modesti
Surface Science 474, 55-63 (2001)

High-temperature phase transitions on the Si(100) surface monitored by photoemission spectroscopy
A. Santoni, V. R. Dhanak, L. Grill, and L. Petaccia
Surface Science Letters 474, L217-L221 (2001)

A high temperature X-ray absorption and valence band spectroscopy study of the Si(100) surface
V.R. Dhanak, A. Santoni, L. Grill, and L. Petaccia
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 114-116, 471-475 (2001)

Determination of the (3×3)-Sn/Ge(111) structure by photoelectron diffraction
L. Petaccia, L. Floreano, M. Benes, D. Cvetko, A. Goldoni, L. Grill, A. Morgante, A. Verdini, and S. Modesti
Physical Review B 63, 115406 1-7 (2001)

2000

Image states on Pb/Ge(111) observed through electron scattering
L. Grill, L. Petaccia, and S. Modesti
Surface Science 454-456, 472-476 (2000)

1999

Photoelectron diffraction study of the (3×3)-Sn/Ge(111) structure
L. Floreano, L. Petaccia, M. Benes, D. Cvetko, A. Goldoni, R. Gotter, L. Grill, A. Morgante, A. Verdini, and S. Modesti
Surface Review and Letters 6, 1091-1096 (1999)

Dispersion and intrinsic width of image resonances on a semiconductor surface measured by resonant inelastic electron scattering: The α-phase of Pb/Ge(111)
L. Petaccia, L. Grill, M. Zangrando and S. Modesti
Physical Review Letters 82, 386-389 (1999)

1997

Initial stages of praseodymium growth on Si(111): morphology and electronic structure
L. Grill, M. G. Ramsey, J. A. D. Matthew and F. P. Netzer
Surface Science 380, 324-334 (1997)

Reactions of low coverages of Eu, Gd and Er on Si(111) – a search for 2D silicides
Lu Ming, L. Grill, M. G. Ramsey, F. P. Netzer and J. A. D. Matthew
Surface Science 375, 24-34 (1997)